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The ILL_BRISP Instrument

Time of Flight Neutron Spectrometer for Small Angle Inelastic Scattering BRISP



BRISP is a new concept thermal neutron Brillouin scattering spectrometer which
exploits the time-of-flight technique and is optimized to operate at small
scattering angles with good energy resolution.

Keywords in the design of the BRISP spectrometer were :

Thermal neutron energies: allowing for investigations in systems characterized
  by sound velocities up to 3000 m/s (three different incident energies between
  20 and 80 meV are presently available).
Easy small-angle access: enabling low-Q spectroscopy with thermal neutrons.
  Elastic wavevector transfer values Qel as low as 0.03 Å -1 at 20 meV incident
  energy can be reached. The position of the two-dimensional detector can be
  adjusted to cover different small-angle ranges between 1° and 15°.
Time-of-Flight technique: for an efficient data collection allowing also for
  accurate neutron measurements as a function of external parameters such as
  temperature, pressure and magnetic field.
Carefull optimization of monochromator-collimators-Fermi chopper:  leading to
  0.5 meV energy resolution and 0.02 Å-1 Q resolution in a typical
  configuration (20 meV incident energy and 4 m sample-detector distance),
  along with acceptable counting rates (flux at the sample 104 n s-1 cm-2).
  For this purpose, innovatory solutions were specially developed for some of
  the BRISP components.

Main components:

a Soller collimator defining the beam impinging on the monochromator, with a
  collimation angle of 0.4°
two focusing multi-crystal monochromators, PG and Cu(111), that allow for the
  selection of three incident energies in the range from 20 to 80 meV.
  Fixed/variable curvatures are adopted in/outside the Brisp vertical scattering plane.
a disk chopper used for background reduction and selection of the desired
  monochromator reflection through proper phasing with the Fermi chopper.
three honeycomb converging collimators [1] to define the incident beam on the
  sample with a collimation angle of 0.4°, and to optimize convergence at three
  detector positions (2, 4, 6 m from the sample). A coarse resolution option
  is also available, without honeycomb collimator.
a Fermi chopper producing short neutron pulses which enable the time-of-flight
a high-vacuum sample chamber possibly equipped with 1.5-300 K MAXI Orange
  cryostat (100 mm) and 300-1900 K furnace
a ~2 m2-area position sensitive gas detector (3He) whose distance from the
  sample can be varied between 2 and 6 m in order to access the required Q-range.
  A huge vacuum tank hosts the detector. An elastobore – polyethylene shielding
  surrounds the vacuum tank to reduce the environmental background.
the long vacuum line ensures an under-vacuum neutron flight path from the
  background chopper to the detector.

crystal d-spacing (Å)   lambda0 (Å)    E0(meV)
PG(002) 3.355(nominal)  1.977(expt.)   20.9 (expt.)
Cu(111) 2.087           1.28  (expt.)  49.9 (expt.)
PG(004) 1.677(nominal)  0.989(expt.)   83.6 (expt.)

In this model, the sample is a plate of thickness e=4 mm, surrounded by an
Al or Nb container, inside an Al shield (phi=10 cm).

Input parameters

Parameters in boldface are required; the others are optional.
Name Unit Description Default
DM Angs Monochromator d-spacing. Use 3.355 for PG002, 1.677 for PG004 and 2.087 for Cu111. 3.355
coh str Sample coherent specification (use laz, lau or Sqw file, or NULL to disable). Sample is a 5x5 cm plate, e=4 mm. "V.laz"
inc use laz, lau or Sqw file, or NULL to scatter isotropically, using cross sections read from the coherent file [str] Sample incoherent specification "NULL"
container str sample container material. Thickness is .2 mm. Use NULL, Al or Nb. "NULL"
LSD m Distance sample-detector 4.5


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